（source by MINYIFANG）
1. Jianzhan's past and present life
2. Special materials for making Jianzhan
3. Which building device is more popular
4. The beauty of the mysterious glaze of Jianzhan
5. Simple four moves to easily distinguish the true from the false
6. Four tips for purchasing Jianzhan
7. Is Jianzhan really poisonous
8. How did the people of Song Dynasty use Jianzhan "doucha"
9. What are the magical benefits of drinking tea
10. Master the three moves to cultivate colorful Jianzhan
- Jianzhan's past and present life
To understand something, learn from its history and culture. Jianzhan, founded in the late Tang and Five Dynasties, flourished in the Song Dynasty. It was used by the royal family in Song Dynasty. It was produced in Jian'an County, Jianzhou Prefecture, Song Dynasty (around Houjing village, Shuiji Town, Jianyang City), so it is called Jianzhan. It is the representative of black porcelain and one of the eight famous porcelains in Song Dynasty.
Jianzhan is a general term for the black glazed porcelain fired in Jian kiln. During the two Song Dynasties, because of the prevailing tea fighting fashion, the high-quality products produced by Jianyao were specially used by the court, which was the representative of black glazed porcelain. This kind of porcelain is called Tianmu glaze in Japan and Taiwan. Local people in Houjing village call Jianzhan black clay bowl, Baowan, black bowl and black bowl.
Jianzhan treasures are a few excellent products selected by comparison among tens of millions of Jianzhan wares. They are ceramic products produced in the process of consuming a lot of manpower and material resources under the background of tea fighting in the Song Dynasty. They are the ceramic products of the combination of real earth and fire. Jianyao produces the Yao Bian Tianmu of jingjiatang in Tokyo, Japan, which is internationally recognized as the first bowl in the world. Many museums in China and some famous museums in the world have collected Jian Zhan, which is worthy of its name as a treasure of world ceramic art.
2. Special materials for making Jianzhan
Selection of clay: the raw mineral soil near the site of Jianyao kiln in the Song Dynasty (now Houjing village, Shuiji Town, Jianyang City) is selected as the green mud. Because of its high iron content, it shows the characteristics of "iron tire" after being fired.
Glaze preparation: raw mineral glazes used in building kilns of Song Dynasty are selected as basic raw materials, supplemented by local laterite and plant ash, which are milled into slurry and filtered for standby. The basic knowledge of Jianzhan is easy to understand
The firing process of Jianzhan is composed of 13 processes, i.e. dressing, crushing, washing, proportioning, decaying, mud refining, mud kneading, billet drawing, blank trimming, plain firing, glazing, kiln loading and roasting.
To make a good Jian Zhan, the yield is very low. Sometimes it is possible to produce a kiln full of defective products. It can be said that it is one in a thousand miles, and the more perfect one is one in ten thousand.
To do a good job in building a beautiful and beautiful lamp is not only to grasp every link above, but also to control the temperature is extremely important. So be kind to your hands, because these are the painstaking efforts of the master.
3. Which building device is more popular?
The common feature of Jianzhan modeling is that the mouth of the bowl is large, the circle foot is small, and the shape is like a funnel. According to the changes of mouth edge, abdomen and foot, Jianzhan can be divided into four types: bundle mouth, convergent mouth, skimming mouth and open mouth. The basic knowledge of Jianzhan is easy to understand
Each type can be divided into large, medium and small ones, of which the medium and small ones are the majority. The calibre of large type is more than 15cm, that of medium size is between 11cm and 15cm, and that of small type is below 11cm. Let's take a look at them separately.
01. Bundle mouth type
The characteristics of the mouth of the bundle are as follows: the mouth is zigzag, the outer edge is concave inward, and a convex circle (water injection line) is formed on the inner wall.
In the Song Dynasty, the cup of tea was used. The cup of 12.5 cm was the standard cup. From the present unearthed and handed down Jian Zhan, it is also the largest number of Shu Kou Zhan. And the beam mouth cup is also the most mainstream device type.
02. Closing mouth type
The features of the mouth: the mouth converges slightly inward, and the overall shape is plump. There are Zen cup, Prajna cup, egg cup and so on.
The characteristics of skimming mouth: the mouth is skimming outward. The abdomen of the calices has obvious radian. It is more ornamental. The key to distinguish the open and skimmed calices is whether the line of the abdomen and the mouth extend outward.
04. Open type
The characteristics of the open type: the outer wall is oblique and straight, with slight radian. It's almost straight. In fact, this is what we often call "bamboo hat Cup", because the overall shape of this kind of cup is very similar to a bamboo hat, so it's called in this way.
For those who are new to Jianzhan, sometimes they can't distinguish the open cup from the skimming cup, and sometimes they are easy to confuse the two. In fact, after mastering the unique characteristics of each calyx, it is easy to distinguish.
The basic knowledge of Jianzhan is easy to understand
Difference between skimming cup and open cup:
First look at the mouth edge: the mouth of the skimming cup is obviously outward curling, while the open mouth edge is not outward curling, which is relatively neat; secondly, looking at the abdomen of the scalpel, there is an obvious arc in the abdomen of the skimming cup, while the outer wall of the open cup is oblique and straight.
The difference between the two is as follows
The difference between Shukou and liankou is that there is not a circle of inner fold groove, commonly known as water injection line.
4. The beauty of the mysterious glaze of Jianzhan
The glaze color of Jian kiln can be divided into two categories: black glaze and variegated glaze. In the process of high temperature (1300 ℃) melting and burning of the black glaze of Jianyao kiln, the elemental iron is reduced from the glaze and the tire, and different patterns are produced according to the temperature and atmosphere in the kiln. It is difficult to foresee and grasp the pattern. The same glaze is used, but it is "one color in the kiln and ten thousand colors in the kiln". This is also the "natural" principle. If different chemical components are added, it is not the real meaning to build the glaze.
Jianzhan black glaze mainly includes black gold glaze, rabbit hair glaze and oil drop glaze.
Variegated glaze mainly includes persimmon red glaze, tea powder glaze, green glaze, turtle crack glaze, gray skin glaze, gray white glaze, and soy glaze. All of them belong to the products with low or high heat. In addition, there are rainbow spots, chameleons, rust spots, tiger skin spots and so on.
The firing temperature of different glaze colors from low to high is tea powder glaze → black gold → oil drop → rabbit hair → sauce color → persimmon red.
Yao becomes Jian Zhan
Yao Bian is a treasure that can be met and can't be found in Jianzhan. It is said that "it's hard to find for thousands of years, and there is no one in thousands of quantities". It's something that people in the burning pot dream for and look forward to. In fact, "Yao Bian" means that there are many irregular dots on the black bottom glaze. The dots are yellow, and around them are glowing with blue as the main color. Therefore, it is named "Yao Bian".
The only three complete Yao Bian Tianmu tea bowls are all collected in Japan. They are called national treasures in Japan. They are stored in jingjiatang library, Longguang Academy in Dade temple in Kyoto and Fujita Art Museum in Osaka.
Rabbit hair glaze
Rabbit hair is the most typical glaze color variety with the largest output in Jianyao. The preference of the people in Song Dynasty for the glaze color of Jian ware was mainly rabbit hair, which even made people often use "rabbit hair Cup" as a synonym for Jian Zhan. "Rabbit hair" is in the black bottom glaze dialysis out of uniform fine silk stripes, shaped like rabbit hair, rabbit hair according to different colors, divided into "brown rabbit hair", "gold rabbit hair", "silver rabbit hair", "blue rabbit hair". Rabbit hair is fine, slender, clear, and evenly distributed from the edge of the bowl to the bottom of the bowl.
Silver rabbit hair is white and shiny. Golden rabbit hair and blue rabbit hair with golden, blue light as the top grade.
There are also three colors set in one, known as "tricolor rabbit hair Cup". Song Huizong said in his "Daguan tea theory" that "the color of the lamp is blue and black, and the jade is the best." That's what it means.
Oil drop glaze is one of the special varieties of black glaze.
It is characterized by many small dots with silver gray metallic luster scattered on the glaze surface, with different sizes. The large diameter is up to several millimeters, and the small ones are only the size of the needle tip, which looks like oil drops, so it is called "oil drop glaze".
The oil drop glaze belongs to crystalline glaze, because the iron oxide is saturated at this place during firing, and crystals are precipitated from it in the form of hematite and magnetite, thus forming "oil drop" spots.
Some people say that the oil drop cup and the partridge spot cup are the same, but different names; others say that the oil drop cup and the partridge spot cup have essential differences.
The difference between oil drop and partridge
The crystal spot on the glaze of "oil drop" is basically round, and a circle of different colors can be seen by carefully observing the center of the spot. The crystal spots on the "partridge spot" are irregular, and the center of the crystal spot can not be observed. In addition, the "partridge spot" glaze in the mouth of the calyce has obvious shedding, and the lower part shows the phenomenon of vertical glaze; while the "oil drop" glaze does not have this phenomenon, the mouth does not fall off, and the bottom does not drop.
The oil drops of Jianzhan have gray → brown → silver white → Silver Blue → golden yellow → color, which can reflect the unity of the difficulty and aesthetic feeling of firing. The difficulty of firing is very different. It can't be described in numbers.
Persimmon red glaze
Persimmon red glaze is a variety of Jianzhan glaze. It is named persimmon red glaze Jianzhan because the glaze color is similar to that of persimmon after ripening. Persimmon red glaze is a high-temperature product of Jianzhan, which is very suitable for drinking tea, especially rock tea and Pu'er tea. The more the pot is kept, the more beautiful the persimmon red glaze is not strong, and the red brown glaze is dark red with crystal point. If the kiln temperature is too high, the mottled precipitates too much and too dense to cover the background color of the glaze, or the reduction is insufficient, or the iron oxide content in the billet is too low.
Tea powder glaze
Tea powder glaze is a kind of glaze of Jianzhan. Generally, it is cyan or green, often accompanied by ice cracks. The more green the tea powder glaze is, the clearer it is. The higher the vitrification degree is, the better the quality is and the higher the price is.
Gray glaze is a variety of Jianzhan kiln glaze, the glaze surface is generally gray or dark gray. The glaze is uniform, the glaze surface has protruding shape, and there is a thin layer of black in the pan gray glaze. Of course, there are some gray white glaze, cracked glaze, sauce glaze, rainbow spot, different milli pot
5. Simple four moves to easily distinguish the true from the false
In fact, the industry has long concluded that the true and false Jian Zhan is not Jian Zhan! This is one of the most important standards to test the authenticity of Jianzhan, and it is also the core.
(1) the color of the base tire of Jianzhan is generally dark black or gray black, not only the outer tube, but also the inner tube.
(2) after putting it on the table, knock Jian Zhan with chopsticks and make a sound similar to metal collision.
(3) if the tire bottom is rough, the effect of air permeability and heat preservation can be achieved only when the heat sink is built.
(4) the soil can only be taken from the Shuiji area of Jianyang, Fujian Province.
Now some Jian Zhan on the market, the color of the embryo is very light, lost the essence of Jianzhan. Most of the bottom of the tire is made up of clay. The bottom of the tire is black. The inner tube is not black. It is other colors. In the tea city and exhibition, people often see some Jian Jian Zhan. There is no big difference between the stripes and Jianyang Jianzhan, and the price is quite cheap. It is worth noting that there is such a Jian Zhan! It may be produced elsewhere, not from Jianyang!
This kind of Jianzhan has no unique raw materials, but uses other soil and adds some other raw materials and elements, instead of using the local raw mineral soil and raw mineral glaze of Jianyang. It may fade and have no luster after using for a period of time. In other words, these are fake Jian Zhan!
6. Four tips for purchasing Jianzhan
There are many ways to choose Jianzhan. Starting from the following four aspects, you can easily choose the Jian Jian Zhan you like.
1. Viewer type
For a fine product of Jianzhan, it must meet the following conditions: no obvious deformation, no surface cracking, no bubbles and less needle holes.
At the same time, you should carefully observe whether the shape of the device is correct. You can buckle the Jian Jian Jian to a table with a flat surface, and observe whether there is a gap between the mouth of the cup and the table top. If it shakes left and right, it means that the deformation is serious.
2. Look at the stripes
If you want to buy rabbit hair cup, you can buy it according to the standard of "the color of the lamp is expensive and black, and the one with jade hair is the best". In other words, the background color of a good rabbit hair calyx should be cyan black, that is, black with green, rather than the "dead black" color. Rabbit hair stripes should be as long as possible, not sparse and tight distribution, and have three-dimensional effect, especially rabbit hair can extend from the mouth to the bottom of the calyx is the best. If you want to buy the oil drop cup, it's better to buy those oil drop spots which can be seen clearly and have different sizes. The spots inside and outside the oil drop cup are evenly distributed and full, and some of them are independent spots rather than fuzzy spots.
3. Look at the fetal quality
The biggest characteristic of Jianzhan lies in the fact that the carcass is "iron fetus". The characteristics of iron tire are: thick matrix, rough tire bottom, to achieve both air permeability and heat preservation effect, the color is generally dark black or gray black, knocking it has a sound similar to metal collision. It is particularly worth mentioning that such clay can only be obtained from Shuiji area of Jianyang, Fujian Province, which is why the potteries who like to develop Jianzhan all over the world use Jianyang Shuiji clay.
4. Look at glaze
Good Jian Zhan must use the local glaze of Jianyang. Sometimes we can see some "Jian Zhan" with thick and dazzling stripes, but they are not made from the native ore soil and glaze of Jianyang. Since every craftsman will not publish his glaze formula, it is difficult to know whether the glaze is added with non mineral raw materials.
Therefore, it is suggested to purchase Jianzhan through regular channels. It is also worth paying attention to know which craftsman is responsible for the purchase of Jianzhan and whether there is a craftsman's signature or certificate on the cup. In addition, when buying Jian Jian Jian Jian, you should have a "tolerant mentality" and appreciate the "fragmentary beauty" among them.
The finished product rate of Jianzhan is relatively low. It is very rare to want a perfect Jianzhan in all aspects.
7. Is Jianzhan really poisonous?
There is a strong sense of metal on the surface of Jian Zhan, and there is metal sound when knocking. Is it unsanitary? Are there toxic substances in it? Is drinking tea harmful to your health? I believe many people will have the same question as me.
It is a rumor that Jianzhan is poisonous. Toxic and non-toxic mainly from two aspects, one is ceramic raw materials, the other is firing.
The real Jianzhan must be Jianyang adobe and Jianyang raw mineral glaze. Whether the glaze is safe depends on the firing temperature. High temperature porcelain is better than medium temperature porcelain and low temperature porcelain. High temperature generally refers to 1280 ℃ to 1350 ℃. Jianzhan was made at such a temperature that harmful substances disappeared and transformed.
The real Jianzhan is a natural crystal of iron series at high temperature. The stripes are naturally formed at one time. There is no synthetic colored glaze. It is not colored glaze painting, nor secondary glazing and firing.
Jianzhan is listed as the intangible cultural heritage and the most precious wealth left by our ancestors. It has received strong support from the government in Jianyang and is also the pillar industry of the local economy. There are Jianzhan associations in many regions of the country. So far, there are no safety problems in more than 80 batches of Jianzhan samples submitted by the local Jianzhan Association and relevant departments for inspection.
Therefore, high temperature porcelain ware is as safe as glassware, so you can rest assured to use it.
8. How did the people of Song Dynasty use Jianzhan "doucha"
China is not only the hometown of tea, but also the country of porcelain. Jianzhan is the only representative of tea culture and porcelain culture.
In the middle of Tang Dynasty, the custom of tea drinking became popular in China, and the art of drinking was the first. However, the main way to drink tea was to boil tea with water, and then the tea was divided into tea cups with a ladle. When drinking tea, you should drink the fresh white tea foam, salty tea soup and tender tea powder together. In the Song Dynasty, the tea drinking method was changed into the tea drinking method, which was more exquisite than the tea making method. In Song Dynasty, the tea was also made of pancake tea. First, the tea cake was crushed into powder and then sifted through the tea Luo. The finer the tea powder, the better. Then wait for the soup (boiling water), rinse with boiling water, put the appropriate amount of tea powder into the tea cup, first pour less boiling water, mix the tea powder evenly, and weigh the paste. Then pour boiling water into tea from the four sides, and brush the tea into suspension while injecting water. The soup is white in color and has no water mark at the edge of the cup. Tea will be served with tea.
The method of ordering tea to match the quality of tea and tea soup is called "tea fight", also known as "tea fight". Zhao Ji, the emperor of song Huizong, who was fond of calligraphy and painting and tea ceremony art, wrote in his Daguan tea theory that "when ordering tea, pure white is the best, blue and white is the second, gray is the second, and yellow and white is the second". As for the standard of tea fighting, Cai Xiang stated in his "tea record" that "it is best to regard its face as bright and white, and to have no water mark on it. In Jian'an duel test, the first one with water mark is the negative, and the one with durability is the winner. Therefore, compared with the theory of" one water and two water ", Cai Xiang said that" one water and two water "should be eliminated. That is to say, the color of the soup should be pure white as milk first, and then the tea soup. The "soup flowers" on the surface of the tea soup can coagulate the inner wall of the tea cup for a long time. It is commonly known as "bitzhan". The soup flower disperses quickly, and the one with water marks first is negative, commonly known as "cloud foot laxity". The water mark appears at the junction of the inner wall of the tea cup and the tea soup. Ming war in Song Dynasty was decided by three battles and two victories. So at that time, it was widely favored by the emperors, generals, dignitaries, literati, ordinary people, and brother Fulang.
Tea fighting is not only to determine the quality of tea, but also to pursue spiritual pleasure. In the process of tea fighting to a higher level, the quality of tea and tea set also needs to be improved to meet the needs. When tea fighting is popular among the government and the public, it must be a tea cup with high artistic taste to match the aesthetic mood of tea experts. Therefore, the development of Jianzhan is closely related to and complementary to tea fighting.
The simplicity of Jianzhan black glaze contrasts with the complexity of kiln transformation. Behind it is a kind of harmonious natural, simple and mysterious aesthetic taste, which is a successful performance of elegance and vulgarity, cleverness and clumsiness. Jianzhan, a simple and simple beauty, was born with a tacit understanding with the realm of Zen.
Jianzhan and tea are indispensable in the life of literati in the Song Dynasty, which are described in many poems.
Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty praised in his Gong Ci that "the liquid of the rabbit hair even with a cup of cooking can relieve the beauty into drunkenness." Cai Xiang, a famous official of the Northern Song Dynasty, said in his poem "ten chants of the northern Garden - trial of tea" that "the rabbit hair is fresh, the crab eye is clear and the spring is boiled, the fog is frozen into flowers, and the clouds are idle but not hanging."
Su Dongpo's poem "the humble teacher of song Nanping" says: "the Taoist knows that Nanping mountain comes out of Nanping mountain, and comes to test tea shamanists. Suddenly, he startles a rabbit's hair spot in the afternoon, and makes it a spring Weng goose wine."
Fan Zhongyan of the Northern Song Dynasty wrote a poem "he Zhangmin is engaged in tea fighting songs." it says: "the green dust flies on the banks of the golden yellow mill, and the snow rises in the heart of purple jade. The taste of tea fighting is light, the smell of tea fighting is fragrant, and the fragrance of tea fighting is thin Lanzhi."
Yang Wanli, a famous poet, wrote in the poem "don't send new tea when Uncle Chen Jian leaves Fujian Province:" the Chinese characters of Partridge's bowl are lingering in the clouds, the rabbit's hair is Ou's heart, and the snow is the goose. Do not wait for the wind to produce two liquids, the wind first to the tongue.
Jianzhan was very popular in the Song Dynasty, but it would be reversed when it reached its peak. After the yuan and Ming Dynasties, due to the change of Chinese tea drinking methods and the change of cultural taste, Jianzhan began to decline, which weakened the vision of overseas people and was also known as "the most unusable thing". Some people think that people in the Song Dynasty enjoyed tea and cups, listened to the piano and appreciated paintings, which led to the shame of Jingkang and lost the country. Therefore, there is a saying that those who love deeply must hate it.
In recent years, China's social stability, economic development, people's living standards are increasing. More and more people like tea culture. With the rise of antique market, Jianzhan has changed from a bowl for chicken feeding to a new favorite in the collection industry. Wang Gang, a famous actor and host, has a program about tea culture and Jianzhan. The price of authentic experts is very high. At present, the production technology of Jianzhan belongs to intangible cultural heritage, and the newly fired Jianzhan products on the market are quite good, which are welcomed and recognized by consumers. If we restore the tea ordering skills of the Song Dynasty and promote it among those who love tea culture, it will surely bring both sensory and spiritual pleasure to tea lovers.
9. What are the magical benefits of drinking tea?
Jianzhan has the function of health care
Because the fetal glaze of Jianzhan contains silicon dioxide, aluminum oxide, ferric oxide, calcium oxide and other chemical components, the high iron content of Jianzhan can continuously release ferrous ions in the process of use, and can absorb chloride ions in water, which is easy to be absorbed by human body, thus increasing the carrier of hemoglobin and the function of red blood cells. It can prevent anemia and hypertension, regulate the central nervous system of human body, and achieve the effect of relieving. It can absorb bacteria, reverse the inhibition of enzyme activity and kill bacteria by oxygen.
The function of heat preservation, heat storage and taste improvement
Drinking tea with Jianzhan can keep heat and heat for a long time and improve the alkalinity of tea soup. The water quality of tea will become soft and sweet, stimulate and enhance the aroma of tea, and ensure the taste of tea is better. Many people say that Jianzhan can be used to serve liquor, beer, red wine, boiled water, mineral water, coffee and other liquid drinks, and its taste is more sweet, pure and delicious.
10. Master the three tips to easily raise colorful Jianzhan
In fact, it is very simple to raise calices
1、 Choose suitable for raising
2、 Tea suitable for raising cups
3、 Methods of raising calices
Not all the calices can be raised, but good ones must be kept well
Raising a cup is the same as that of a purple clay pot. It is better to use different tea, raise different cups, or use tea with similar color of tea soup to raise a cup. If you drink green tea several times, it will be dull and dull soon. The same is true of raw Pu'er and cooked Pu'er. In short, the color difference of tea soup is too big to share one cup. But ripe Pu, Wuyi rock tea, black tea, can share one.
How to choose a suitable cup?
Chinese culture has always paid attention to "degree". However, the vitrification must be moderate for a suitable Jian Zhan. If the vitrification is too weak, the burnt out one (as shown in the figure below) can not produce colorful colors. Even if it is kept for a long time, it will show rust color and corrosion color. Even if there is no time, it is not recommended to buy it.
However, the strong vitrification of oil drops and vitrified rabbit hair, vitrified oil drops (partridge spot) is easy to breed and fast to shine, but it has a disadvantage.
1. It is easy for tea dirt to hang unevenly (as shown in the figure below)
2. It's easy to wash off the colorful coating (because the vitrified mirror doesn't absorb the tea soup)
But there are also techniques for raising vitrified lamps
1. When drinking tea, do not let the tea soup in the cup for too long. After a long time, the water surface of the tea soup will be covered with tea dirt.
2. After drinking tea, rinse with water once, rinse the tea soup, do not wipe.
However, this kind of vitrified rabbit hair cup is relatively difficult to raise, and it is difficult to change without a year and a half. Therefore, the first key to choose Jian Zhan should be to look at the glaze. A suitable for the maintenance of the cup, the best is vitrification is just right, there are obvious crystals, feel the uneven glaze, cell phone magnification can see crystal, not smooth. (what is crystallization? Similar to the figure below)
If you look at it carefully, you can see that all the colors are in the crystal, as shown in the figure below
Tea suitable for raising cups
Some people said: "Wuyi rock tea must be used, because Wuyi rock tea grows on rocks, contains rich minerals, and can be better combined with calices." Wuyi rock tea is the best Zhengyan tea. How many grow on rocks? Ordinary, most of them are muddy mountains, where are so many potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and aluminum minerals?
Rock tea is suitable for the cultivation of calyces. The orange red color of the soup and the dark color of the tea are attached to the crystal, which is easy to form a dark film. Therefore, many people can raise cups, use ripe Pu'er, Fu tea, black tea, Fenghuang Dancong, green tea, etc., but Wuyi rock tea and black tea are still the best ones. Why? The cooked or black tea soup is too thick, easy to have tea dirt, and green tea, soup color is too light, slow coating, slow to raise. And Wuyi rock tea and black tea, the soup is the most moderate color, especially Wuyi rock tea or aged rock tea, the tea soup is wine red, moderate intensity.
How to raise a cup
1. The new pot is similar to a purple clay pot. First open the pot and boil it with the tea of Wuyi rock tea or orange tea soup. Boil it over a low fire and simmer slowly. The longer the pot lasts, the better. (there was a customer who had not been able to produce colorful light for a long time. Later, he experimented by himself. He cooked it twice in the tea soup for 1 hour each time. When it was dried, the color would appear immediately) when boiling, many small bubbles appeared on the glaze surface of the cup. At this time, the cup was already blending with the tea soup, and the gas was released from the pores, and the "iron flavor" could be removed.
2. How to use it? Drink tea, drink, pour, drink, end, rinse with water, inverted button, natural air dry, almost no washing.
If be used by outsider need disinfect how to do? Very simple, continue to use like opening a cup, boiling tea boiling, not only keep the pot, but also disinfect.
3. The change process of calices is as follows
There is a transitional period for the change of the pot. First, it is golden, then it becomes colorful. The first feature of a suitable cup is that it can hang gold very quickly, and you can have gold in one afternoon. For the first time, if you drink it for a few days, it will be said that it is rusty. This is just a transitional period.
The picture below shows the change process of a friend.
4. Remember! Raise a cup is not bubble in tea soup can, that can never be raised.
The appreciation of colorful works
How about it? Is it very beautiful? Playing with the cup is a kind of enjoyment, a kind of aesthetic feeling of pleasing the eyes, and also a kind of cultural pursuit. As for the method of raising the calibre, each member has his own unique method. Maybe you have a better way to raise the calibre. You can also communicate and learn with Zeyuan Jianzhan.